温明娜:state

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温明娜:state

温明娜:state

  n. (名词)

  她身体状况很糟糕。

  误 She is at a poor state of health.

  正 She is in a poor state of health.

  析 state作“状态”“状况”解时,常用于be in a state of sth 的结构,表示“处于某种状况〔情况〕”,这里介词用in,不用at。

  国家元首在政治中起关键作用。

  误 The head of the state played a key role in politics.

  正 The head of state played a key role in politics.

  析 用head of state表示“国家元首”时, state前不加冠词。

  美利坚合众国位于北美洲。

  误 The United States are located in North America.

  正 The United States is located in North America.

  析 以s结尾的表示国家、机构等的专有名词一般视作单数。


温明娜:state